National Dairy Plan Phase I (NDP I) is a Central Sector Scheme for a period of 2012-13 to 2017-18. Krishna milk union has implementing 3 SPP from 2013-14 with assistance of Central Govt. of India and National Dairy Development Board(NDDB) is the lead implementing agency. Krishna Milk Union is the End Implementing Agency(EIA) in Krishna District.
Under NDP-I Krishna milk union is EIA for three Sub Project Plans (SPP):
- Village Based Milk Procurement System(VBMPS) – outlay Rs. 430.9 lakhs
- Ration Balancing Programme (RBP) – outlay Rs. 191.93 lakhs
- Fodder Development (FD) – outlay Rs. 193.60 lakhs
NDP-I is a scientifically planned multi-state initiative with the following Project Development Objectives:
- To help increase productivity of milch animals and thereby increase milk production to meet the rapidly growing demand for milk.
- To help provide rural milk producers with greater access to the organised milk-processing sector.
- These objectives would be pursued through adoption of focused scientific and systematic processes in provision of technical inputs supported by appropriate policy and regulatory measures.
Village Based Milk Procurement System(VBMPS)
Various factors such as rising incomes, urbanization, changing food habits, increase in population and export opportunities fuel the demand for milk. To meet the growing demand for milk, it is necessary to maintain the annual growth of over 4 percent in the next 15 years. It is therefore imperative that a scientifically planned multi state initiative is launched to increase productivity in existing herds through a focused programme of breeding and feeding.
Efforts to increase milk production through key scientific and technical considerations involving genetic enhancements (Breeding) and scientific nutrition programmes for milch animals would need to be supported by providing milk producers greater opportunities for sale of surplus milk to the organized sector. This would require:
- Strengthening of procurement systems of the existing dairy cooperatives and
- Promoting producer companies where cooperatives have low presence and procurement.
- Set-up a sustaining procurement system ensuring fairness and transparency.
- Ensure quality milk collected by bringing in maximum milk producers under organized sector.
- Create more village level institutional structures following cooperative principles and safeguarding the interests of small farmers.
- Provide the rural milk producers access to organized market and thereby enhance their income.
Milk pooling activities proposed under NDP I consist of milk collection, testing for quality of the milk supplied quintessential with standardized Automated Milk Collection Units (AMCU) and Data Processor based Milk Collection Units (DPMCU) and improving milk quality substantially by installing bulk milk coolers in villages/ cluster of villages.
Ration Balancing Programme (RBP)
It will not be possible to achieve higher productivity in a milch animal by merely increasing its genetic potential. There is evidence to show that when a milch animal is fed a balanced diet, it receives the required nutrients to produce milk commensurate with its genetic potential. Research and field trials indicates that this approach to feeding has the potential to increase milk yield, reduce cost of milk production, and contribute to reducing methane emissions. Milch animals are usually fed one or two locally available concentrate feed ingredients, grasses and crop residues. This often leads to an imbalanced ration – resulting in proteins, energy, minerals and vitamins being either in excess or deficient. Imbalanced feeding adversely impacts not only the health and productivity of animals but also affects income from milk production since an estimated 70 percent of the total cost of milk production is contributed by feed.
Therefore there is a need to educate milk producers on feeding balanced ration to their animals so that the nutrients required by their individual milch animals is fulfilled in an optimum manner, thereby improving milk production efficiency and the economic return.
NDP I plan to cover about 20,000 milch animals in 200 villages by inducting 200 local resource persons (LRPs) in Krishna District , who would be identified, trained and supervised by Krishna Milk Union. The project will finance the training costs, necessary equipments, and a modest monthly stipend for the LRPs on a tapering basis for about two years. Thereafter, the LRPs sustaining income from would be through processes devised to charge to end users as well as subsidies/commissions through sale of inputs.
The project aims to demonstrate a new approach to extension by underlining the importance of unique identification of animals, their performance measurement and advisory support at farmers doorstep. It is envisaged under the project that each animal covered under RBP would be uniquely identified with an ear tag so as to enable monitoring of its productivity as well as efficiency of RBP through data to be fed into a performance recording system. Proper and effective training is the key for successful countrywide implementation of ration balancing programme (RBP) envisaged under NDP I. The technical officers, animal nutritionists and trainers of end implementing agencies (EIAs) would be trained at NDDB who in turn would impart training to local resource persons (LRPs) at EIA level.
Trained LRPs will provide advisory services to dairy farmers feeding balanced ration to their animals. LRPs would also educate milk producers on the latest technologies such as feeding milch animals with bypass protein, bypass fat, ASMM, treated or enriched crop residues etc. Besides, milk producers would also be educated on importance of drinking water, proper mangers for feeding the animals, significance of colostrum feeding to newly born calves, chaffing of fodder, de-worming, vaccination, timely insemination etc.
Benefits of Ration Balancing Programme :
- Proper use of locally available feed resources to balance the ration of animals at least cost
- Increases milk production with more fat and solids-not-fat
- Helps increasing the net daily income
- Improves reproduction efficiency
- Helps reducing inter-calving period, thereby increasing the productive life of animals
- Improves the general health of animals
- Improves the growth rate in growing calves, leading to early maturity
Fodder Development (FD)A. Green Fodder Production Enhancement
Green fodder is an economic source of nutrients for the livestock. However its availability in the country is limited. With the limited land under fodder cultivation, there is a need to focus to improve productivity of fodder crops & common grazing lands and demonstrate to conserve surplus green fodder to enhance availability during the lean period.
- Improved Fodder Seed Production Programme
Seed is the most critical input to enhance the productivity of fodder crops. To ensure supply of quality seeds to the farmers, production of seeds will be enhanced by establishing seven new seed processing units. The seed units involves production, processing & marketing of quality fodder seeds and comprises seed cleaning and grading machines, civil buildings and human resource.
- Silage Making Demonstration
To ensure year round availability of quality fodder silage making, a practice to conserve surplus quantity of green fodder, is to be popularised. Through silage making large quantity of green fodder can be preserved for longer period without significant loss of quality and palatability. Silage contains around 65-70 percent moisture and preserved due to fermentation of sugars available in the green fodder through anaerobic fermentation. Silage can be fed to livestock in place of green fodder.
- Demonstration of Mowers
Due to rising cost of agricultural workers use of grain harvesters is increasing leading to wastage of straw in the field of farmers, especially when tractor or engine driven straw mowers and pick up devices are not available. Various types of mowers are to be demonstrated under NDP I.
- Simple mowers: These mowers harvest the fodder crops at ground level and leave the biomass in the field for sun drying or direct grazing or manual collection or by mechanical means.
- Mowers with auto pick up: Such mowers are designed to perform many operations in single pass of tractor. Activities like fodder harvesting, chopping, loading of trailer, baling etc are carried out automatically by tractor power in single action without any labour. Depending on usage and attachments, the auto pick up mowers are further classified into following categories:
- Prime Mower with along with front mounted reaper and Chopper cum loader.
- Reaper and binder.
- Demonstration of Biomass Storage silo.
Infrastructure for straw management and storage has been grossly neglected in India. Universal design stores and bunkers for straw, pellets, bales, blocks and silage having better pay back would be demonstrated under NDP I.